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Knee Replacement (from side)
Knee Replacement (from front)
Total Knee Repaclement X-Ray (from side)
Total Knee Repaclement X-Ray (from front)
The knee is the largest joint in the body. The knees are essential to performing many routine everyday activities. The knee is made up of the lower end of the thigh bone (femur), which rotates on the upper end of the shin bone (tibia), and the knee cap (patella), which slides in a groove on the end of the femur. Large ligaments attach to the femur and tibia to provide stability. The long thigh muscles give the knee strength. The joint surfaces where these three bones touch are covered with articular cartilage, a smooth substance that cushions the bones and enables them to move easily. All remaining surfaces of the knee are covered by a thin, smooth tissue liner called the synovial membrane. This membrane releases a special fluid that lubricates the knee, reducing friction to nearly zero in a healthy knee.
Disease or injury can disrupt this free-flowing movement resulting in pain, muscle weakness and less function. Most patients who undergo total knee replacement are age 60 to 80. Recommendations for surgery are based on a patient's pain and disability. If the knee is severely damaged by arthritis or injury, it may be difficult to perform simple activities such as walking or climbing stairs. Eventually, it may become painful to even sit or lie down. If medications, changing your activity level, and using the aid of walking devices are no longer helpful to ease the pain, total knee replacement surgery may be an option. By resurfacing the knee and the damaged and worn surfaces, total knee replacement surgery can relieve pain, correct leg deformity, and provide a quicker return to daily activities.
The decision whether to have total knee replacement surgery should be a unanimous agreement between you, your family, your family physician and your orthopedic surgeon. Your physician may refer you to an orthopedic surgeon for a thorough evaluation to determine if you could benefit from this type of surgery.
Your orthopedic surgeon will review the results of your evaluation and discuss whether total knee replacement would be the best option to relieve pain and improve mobility. Other treatment options - including medications, injections, physical therapy, or other types of surgery - also will be discussed and considered. Your orthopedic surgeon also will explain the potential risks and complications of total knee replacement, including those related to the surgery itself and those that can occur over time following surgery. Learn more about total knee replacement surgery...
The Connecticut Joint Replacement Institute114 Woodland StreetHartford, CT 06105For a physician referral or for more informationplease call toll-free 1-866-501-CJRI (2574)
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Saint Francis Care
114 Woodland Street
Hartford, Connecticut 06105