Kyphoplasty Treatment for Kyphosis

Kyphoplasty surgical procedure is designed to stop pain caused by spinal fracture, to stabilize bone, and to restore some, and possibly all, of the lost vertebral body height that was lost due to a compression fracture.

Kyphoplasty is a type of vertebral augmentation for compression fractures.

Performing Kyphoplasty Surgery

  1. During kyphoplasty surgery, a small incision is made in the back through which the surgeon places a narrow tube. The surgeon uses fluoroscopy to guide the tube to the correct position. The tube creates a path through the back into the fractured area, through the pedicle of the involved vertebrae.
  2. Using X-ray images, the surgeon inserts a special balloon through the tube and into the vertebrae, then very carefully inflates it. As the balloon inflates, it elevates the fracture, returning the pieces of vertebra to positions that are closer to correct. The balloon also compacts the soft inner bone to create a cavity inside the vertebrae.
  3. The balloon is removed and the surgeon uses specially-designed instruments operating under low pressure to fill the cavity with a pasty cement-like material called polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA). After injection the pasty material hardens quickly, stabilizing the bone.

Kyphoplasty surgery to treat a fracture from osteoporosis is performed at a hospital under local or general anesthesia. Other logistics for a typical kyphoplasty procedure are:

  • The kyphoplasty procedure takes about one hour for each vertebra involved
  • Patients will be observed closely in the recovery room immediately following the kyphoplasty procedure
  • Patients may spend one day in the hospital after the kyphoplasty procedure

Patients should not drive until they are given approval by their doctor. If they are released the day of the kyphoplasty surgery, they will need to arrange for transportation home from the hospital.