Treatment Options

Back Injuries and Spinal Conditions: Treatment Options

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Non-Surgical Spinal Treatment Options

Activity Modification

Bed rest may help with acute pain, but it can also lead to further bone loss and worsening osteoporosis, which raises your risk for future compression fractures. Doctors may recommend a short period of bed rest for no more than a few days. However, prolonged inactivity should be avoided. Learn more...  

Bracing

A brace is an external support your doctor may prescribe to reduce movement, provide extra support, keep the spine in a fixed position, and to treat particular types of spinal deformity. Depending on your spine problem, a spinal brace may help reduce pain, too. Learn more... 

Pain Medications

For many back injuries and spine conditions, taking medication to help control the pain represents one element of treatment. Although medication alone may be tried first, more aggressive treatments are often needed as well. Learn more... 

Physical Therapy

Physical therapy is the health profession that focuses on the evaluation, management, and prevention of disorders of human motion. Physical therapists, or PTs, are important members of the rehabilitation team. Learn more...  

Surgical Spine Treatment Options

Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion

Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) is a surgery to remove a herniated or degenerative disc in the neck area of the spine. The incision is made in the front of the spine through the throat area. Learn more... 

Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion (ALIF)

Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion (ALIF) is an operation to stabilize the spine, relieve pressure on irritated nerves and ensure this pressure does not return. This surgery typically involves an incision in the left lower quadrant of your abdomen, but depending on the number of levels being fused, other incisions may be employed. The spinal surgeon will safely remove the degenerated disc between the two vertebrae. Learn more... 

Cervical Corpectomy

Cervical corpectomy is an operation to remove a portion of the vertebra and adjacent intervertebral discs for decompression of the cervical spinal cord and spinal nerves. A bone graft with or without a metal plate and screws is used to reconstruct the spine and provide stability. Learn more... 

Cervical Laminectomy with Fusion

Posterior cervical foraminotomy relieves spinal nerve root compression by creating more room for the nerve root to pass through the foramen. When disc material compresses the nerve root on one side (unilateral compression), the cervical foraminotomy can be used to remove the portion of the offending disk. When a bone spur narrows the foramen and compresses the nerve root, a posterior cervical foraminotomy can be used to chisel away the spur to widen the passageway. Learn more...  

Cervical Laminoplasty

Cervical laminoplasty is a surgical technique that removes pressure from the spinal cord in the neck. Pressure on the spinal cord can be due to various causes including degenerative changes, arthritis, bone spurs, disc herniations, ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL), tumors, or fractures. Frequently this spinal cord pressure, called spinal stenosis, can occur at multiple levels of the cervical spine at the same time. Learn more... 

Cervical Posterior Foramenotomy

Cervical Posterior Foramenotomy is a surgery performed to remove bone and/or portions of a diseased or herniated disc, in order to relieve neck and back pain. Learn more... 

Direct Lateral Interbody Fusion (DLIF)

Direct Lateral Interbody Fusion, or DLIF, is a minimally invasive surgical procedure for treating leg or back pain caused by degenerative disc disease. Unlike traditional anterior or posterior approaches to back surgery, DLIF approaches the lumbar spine through the patient's side. Approaching through the side helps the surgeon to avoid major muscles of the back. Learn more...  

Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion

Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) is a surgery to remove a herniated or degenerative disc in the neck area of the spine. The incision is made in the front of the spine through the throat area. Learn more... 

Kyphoplasty

The goals of a kyphoplasty surgical procedure are designed to stop the pain caused by a spinal fracture, to stabilize the bone, and to restore some or all of the lost vertebral body height due to the compression fracture. Learn more... 

Laminectomy

Laminectomy is a type of surgery in which a surgeon removes part or all of the vertebral bone (lamina) to relieve compression of the spinal cord or the nerve roots that may be caused by injury, herniated disk, spinal stenosis (narrowing of the canal), or tumors. A laminectomy is considered only after medical treatments have proven to be ineffective. Learn more... 

Lumbar Corpectomy

A corpectomy is a surgical procedure that involves removing part of the vertebral body (Latin: corpus vertebrae, hence the name corpectomy), usually as a way to decompress the spinal cord and nerves. Corpectomy is often performed in association with some form of discectomy. Learn more... 

Lumbar Disc Microdecompression

In a microdiscectomy or microdecompression spine surgery, a small portion of the bone over the nerve root and/or disc material from under the nerve root is removed to relieve neural impingement and provide more room for the nerve to heal. Learn more... 

Minimally Invasive Lumbar Microdecompression

This minimally invasive procedure is used to remove overgrown vertebral bone and soft tissue to relieve the compression of nerve roots in the lumbar spine. Learn more... 

Minimally Invasive TLIF

Spinal fusion (such as a TLIF) is a surgical technique to stabilize the spinal vertebra and the disc or shock absorber between the vertebra. Lumbar fusion surgery is designed to create solid bone between the adjoining vertebra, eliminating any movement between the bones. The goal of the surgery is to reduce pain and nerve irritation. Learn more... 

Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion (PLIF)

As with all spinal fusion surgery, a posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) involves adding bone graft to an area of the spine to set up a biological response that causes the bone to grow between the two vertebral elements and thereby stop the motion at that segment. Learn more... 

Resection Of Spinal Tumor 

The procedure is performed under general anesthesia. Electro-physiological monitoring of spinal cord function is conducted prior to and during the operation. A midline incision is made overlying the tumor. The soft tissues are dissected to expose the back of the spine. The superficial spinal bones (the laminae) are removed to access the spinal canal. Learn more... 

Spinal Fusion

Lumbar spinal fusion is surgery to join, or fuse, two or more vertebrae in the low back. Spinal fusion is major surgery, usually lasting several hours. There are different methods of spinal fusion. Learn more...